"Catch Cancer before it catches You"


ENGLISH
What is it What causes it Defence measures called for
How to detect it How to treat it Cancer in men
Cancer in women Cancer in children Cancer and you
Caution Facts about cancer

   


DEFENCE MEASURES CALLED FOR

1. How can one guard against cancer?

Prevention is better than cure. More than half of the cancers are preventable! Avoid smoking and tobacco chewing in any form. Alcohol should only be taken in moderation. It is better avoided. Take low fat, vegetarian diet. Avoid ill fitting dentures. Report to a doctor immediately if you notice any of the seven warning signals.

2. What is meant by "precancerous lesion"?

Any abnormal condition, if permitted to continue, may develop into cancer with passage of time. Cancer does not in days’s or week’s time. It takes many years to develop. It passes through many stages normal cell – abnormal cell – Precancerous lesion – Frank cancer – Metastasic cancer.

3. What precautions should be taken to avoid cancer of the mouth?

Cancer of the mouth is a largely preventable disease. Avoid use of tobacco in any form (pan parag, pan masala, gutaka, etc.). Any sore in the mouth which does not heal in three weeks time should be examined by a doctor and if required biopsied. Keep the mouth clean. Have jagged teeth filed or removed. Do not use an ill-fitting dental plate, which causes a sore on the gums or cheek. If white spots appear in the mouth or in the tongue, stop the use of tobacco and see a doctor.

4. What precautions should be taken to avoid cancer of the skin?

Dark coloured moles and warts, which become itchy, bleed or ulcerate, should be removed. Fair-skinned people should avoid overexposure to direct sun rays. Recurrent blisters on the lip should be carefully examined. Skin should always be kept clean.

5. Should all moles be removed?

No. A flat colourless mole is probably as harmless as a freckle. Bluish-black hairless moles, especially when subjected to irritation, should be removed. Any mole or wart showing changes in size or colour or bleeding should be promptly and completely removed and the tissue examined by a pathologist to determine if cancer is present.

6. Can immunity to cancer be acquired as with diphtheria or typhoid fever?

Production of immunity is possible only in diseases caused by germs. As cancer is not caused by germs, immunity cannot be developed against it. But scientists are exploring possibilities of vaccines for cancer.

7. Why do many people wait before consulting a physician when cancer may be present or suspected?

The main reason is because of fear. Ignorance of the signs of cancer and the vital importance of early treatment also play a role. Some people also think there is a social disgrace in having cancer and so hide the fact from their physicians and often from friends and relatives. This is not a justifiable attitude.

8. Can a tuberculous person ever have cancer?

He can. The presence of tuberculosis or any other disease gives no assurance that cancer will not develop.

9. Why don’t the white corpuscles in the blood kill cancer?

The chief function of white blood corpuscles is to protect the body against bacteria or germs. They kill germs and combat infections. Current research is being undertaken to promote such activity by certain kinds of white blood corpuscles.

10. How can we control cancer?

  1. By a prompt visit to a physician when suspicious signs or symptoms appear. Intelligent alertness by the individual may well saves his life.
  2. By having complete, annual physical examinations as a routine. Women over 35 should be examined once a year.
  3. By confirming diagnosis at the earliest possible moment, followed by adequate treatment.
  4. By a widespread knowledge, both layman and professional, of the character of cancer, its causes, methods of spread, and by recognizing the value of early diagnosis and adequate treatment, as the means of protection.
  5. Most important is prevention of cancer by changing of lifestyles.
 
 
What is it What causes it Defence measures called for
How to detect it How to treat it Cancer in men
Cancer in women Cancer in children Cancer and you
Caution Facts about cancer
 

Published and issued by STATE CANCER SOCIETY OF MEGHALAYA, for public interest.
For further information you may contact the Member Secretary of the Society, at the Cancer Detection Centre, Civil Hospital Shillong.
Phone : 0364-2500815 (O), Email : scsm@shillong.meg.nic.in